There could be no Covenant with Adam (humanity) had God not first created Adam. As such we must look at the creation and what God intended of Adam being the first perfect man. Genesis Chapter 1 He establishes His statement. Genesis 1:26-28 God says, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.”
With understanding now why God created humanity we can then completely understand the Covenant made with them. This covenant carried forward throughout all other covenant’s dealing with man’s obedience and was even included in the New Covenant upon the coming of Jesus. Why is this important to us today? This is the covenant that provides the foundational structure over humanity regarding all authority structures.
The Edenic covenant was a bilateral or conditional covenant, that is, there was responsibility on both sides. Adam was responsible to obey, and God would bless him with life. If Adam disobeyed, and ate of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, death would be the result (Genesis 2:16–17). Adam's spiritual life was conditional on his obedience.
The Edenic covenant had a second part, which is often called the Covenant of Redemption. As God was informing Adam and Eve about the curses their sin had brought them, He revealed an unconditional covenant in His curse upon the Serpent when He said: "I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel" (Genesis 3:15). At first glance, this sounds like a basic description of the life of a snake. Men do not like snakes, and often kill them; snakes often bite men on the feet and legs because of their proximity to the ground. But hiding in this curse is a covenant to men.
This covenant had five parts. It is in these parts we learn about the basic hierarchy man must use in all things related to God. While the focus of this is the obedience of Adam to God it also focused on the Marriage Covenant between Man, Women and God. Let’s look at this Covenant in detail.
Before we get into the Covenant itself, we need to look at some background information in order to create the proper foundation to understand the Covenant and its applicability today.
This Covenant was created after Adam and Eve were created but before they had disobeyed God in the Garden of Eden. So the initial provisions of the Covenant were made without sin coming into the picture.
The Covenant was changed after sin to provide for redemption with all the other components of the Covenant remaining. So many scholars say this Covenant was a conditional Covenant and some say that after sin into the picture the Covenant became null and void. If this were the case, Jesus would not have reaffirmed the Covenant in His teachings as He walked amongst humanity in face-to-face discussions. Remember as God had set forth in the beginning it shall be the same in the new beginning. So the Covenant with Adam with its redemption additives was brought forth into the New Covenant established when Christ came, was crucified, was resurrected, and returned back to be with God in Heaven. So all aspects of this original Covenant are applicable today for our lives.
So we know that God made humanity to expand his Kingdom on earth. We know that God wanted man to be a visible image of the Kingdom that was in the invisible form in Heaven. We know that God gave man the responsibility of dominion over all things of the earth. We know that God entered into a Covenant with Adam before sin came into the light. And we know that once sin came into the picture God revised the Covenant to include redemption so that God could continue to have consistency in the role that man was to have (Dominion) over the earth. From this, I hope you see that the whole focus of God was to expand His Kingdom in a physical form using the same set of governmental rules on earth as in heaven.
So let’s look at God’s Covenant with Adam (humanity).
As we have previously stated this Covenant is known as the Edenic Covenant. The name of the Covenant comes from the fact that God presented the covenant to Adam in the Garden of Eden. We have been taught that the covenant of marriage is focused on the marriage alone. This is not true. The covenant God entered into with Adam was an obedience covenant that has the foundation not only for humanity but for everything that goes on throughout humanity. There are five main ingredients or sections of this Covenant. The first ingredient of the Covenant is that it is transcendent. This means that all covenants are to operate under Devine (Kingdom) instruction with God ruling and overruling the covenant.