Much of what we have been taught surrounds the twelve tribes of Israel. Having laid out the foundation we will go back a bit and pick up some the historical pieces of history. We need to place all this into perspective because the three sons of Noah Shem, Ham and Japheth built all the nations after the flood with their linage. So where did the 12 tribes come from.
This all started with God’s Covenant with Abraham. Now before the covenant Abraham’s name was Abram. As soon as God made the covenant with Abram He changed Abram’s name to Abraham. The name Abraham means Father Of Nations and is of Hebrew origin. Abraham was born in the linage of Shem; the bloodline of Jesus. It was from this bloodline that the 12 tribes came from. The 12 tribes came from the sons and grandsons of Jacob. Jacob was the son of Isaac and Rebecca and the grandson of Abraham.
The 12 tribes are as follows.
Judah. The tribe of kings, and the most preeminent of the 12 tribes in the biblical narrative. Judah “prevailed over his brothers,” (1 Chronicles 5:2), and the tribe’s territory included the city of Jerusalem and the holy temple. King David was part of this tribe, and his royal line ruled in Jerusalem from around 1,000 BC until the city fell to Babylonian forces in 586 BC. Jerusalem was the capital of Israel and the capital of the Southern Kingdom after the nation divided. Jesus is of the tribe of Judah (Matthew 1:1–2). Notable tribesmen: Jesus, David, Mary, Solomon, Caleb
Reuben. Descended from Jacob’s firstborn, whom Jacob said was as “uncontrolled as water” (Genesis 49:4). The tribe chose not to settle in the Promised Land, and instead asked Moses for some of the territory that they conquered east of the Jordan River. Moses agreed to this, on the condition that they assist the western tribes in conquering Canaan (Numbers 32:28–32). They did so, but they did not assist the other tribes in battle during the period of judges (Judges 5:16), and the tribe falls into scriptural obscurity.
Simeon. The man Simeon (with his brother Levi) slaughtered the men of an entire city to avenge his sister (Genesis 34:25–31). The tribe’s portion of land was within the midst of Judah’s territory (Joshua 19:1); however, Simeon did not grow as rapidly as Judah and seems to have dispersed across multiple territories (1 Chronicles 4:38–43; 2 Chronicles 15:8–9). This is consistent with Jacob’s prophecy concerning Simeon and his brother Levi: “I will disperse them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.”