We will pick up in scripture in Genesis Chapter 2. Genesis 2:1 "Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them." This verse is the conclusion from Genesis 1 about the finishing of creation of the heavens and earth. So on the sixth day all of Gods creation work was done.
We move into the seventh day and God's finishing preparations of earth. Many think all this was done before and God just laid down and rested on the seventh day. This is incorrect. That is NOT what scriptures tell us. In fact in Genesis 2:2 God tells us he finished his work on the seventh day. "And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made."
So what did God do on the seventh day. We pick up God's activities in Genesis 2:6-23 "6 But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground. 7 And the Lord God [Jehovah] formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. 8 And the Lord God [Jehovah] planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed. 9 And out of the ground made the Lord God [Jehovah] to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. 10 And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. 11 The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; 12 And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone. 13 And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia. 14 And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates. 15 And the Lord God [Jehovah] took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. 16 And the Lord God [Jehovah] commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: 17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. 18 And the Lord God [Jehovah] said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him. 19 And out of the ground the Lord God [Jehovah] formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof. 20 And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him. 21 And the Lord God [Jehovah] caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; 22 And the rib, which the Lord God [Jehovah] had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man. 23 And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man."
So let us review what is the definition of the word 'rested' used in Genesis 2:2. However, before we review the Hebrew definition we need to remember that we are still dealing with no time element in God's time. We do not know how long light was in place and night was in place. We are told is that the cycle of a day (could be thousand years or a thousand years could be one day) is night to light back to night - is one day. So when we look to the definition of rested we need to consider the literal Hebrew meaning.
Taken from My Jewish Learning
In the it is written, “On the seventh day God finished the work… and ceased from all the work … and God blessed the seventh day and declared it holy, because on it God ceased from all the work of creation…” (