The North Carolina Colony was one of the five Southern Colonies that also included the Maryland Colony, the Virginia Colony, the South Carolina Colony, and the Georgia Colony. The Carolina Colony (later the North Carolina Colony) was founded in 1653, and in 1663 eight nobleman, referred to as the Lord Proprietors were granted the rights to the colony by King Charles II. The North Carolina Colony, also called the Province of North Carolina, was originally one colony - Carolina, which encompassed what would later become present-day North and South Carolina.
Interesting North Carolina Colony Facts:
Carolina is a word derived from the Latin name for Charles, 'Carolus'.
The first settlement in the North Carolina region occurred in 1587. One of these settler's named John White was the father of the first English baby born in the New World. Her name was Virginia Dare. These colonists all disappeared by 1590 and the first permanent settler would not arrive until more than 60 years later, in 1653. The earliest known permanent settler in the North Carolina Colony was Nathaniel Batts, who settled there in 1653.
There was no dominating religion in the North Carolina Colony. Like most of the Southern Colonies settlers were free to worship as Catholics, Anglicans, Jews, Baptists or whichever they chose to believe.
The North Carolina Colony landscape included coastal plains, mountain ranges and plateaus. Farming and agriculture were extremely important to the settlers because of the warm climate and vast farmland.
The warm weather and lack of cold winters made it much easier for illness to spread and thrive.
Because of the warm climate in the Southern Colonies it was possible to farm most of the year. This made it possible for the North Carolina Colony farmers to export agricultural products to the other colonies.
Natural resources in the North Carolina Colony included forests (timber), fish, and land, suitable for the development of large plantations.
Common crops grown on plantations and farms included cotton, fruit, grains, vegetables, tobacco, rice, sugar, indigo and livestock.
Slavery was common in the Southern Colonies, exploiting workers to work on large plantations.
The plantation owners often traded their crops for items they could not produce themselves such as tools, shoes, thread, lace, and kitchenware such as iron kettles. In 1712 the Carolina colony officially became the North Carolina Colony and the South Carolina Colony.
The North Carolina Colony's first governor was Edward Hyde.
In 1729 the North and South Carolina colonies became royal colonies, after the Lord Proprietors sold their holdings of the Carolinas to the English.
Nicknames given to the North Carolina Colony over the years included the Old Northern State, and the Tar Heel State.
The North Carolina Colony became a state on November 21st, 1789.
North Carolina would secede from the United States in 1861, along with 10 other states. This signified the beginning of the Civil War.