The New Hampshire Colony was classified as one of the New England Colonies. The Province of New Hampshire was an English colony in North America that existed from 1638 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 of the 13 colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of New Hampshire.
Founding of the New Hampshire Colony When was the colony of New Hampshire founded? The New Hampshire Colony was founded in 1638 by Captain John Mason and John Wheelwright and other colonists.
The Naming of the New Hampshire Colony Named after the English county of Hampshire where Captain John Mason (who received a grant for the land) was raised.
New Hampshire Colony Facts
Fact 1 - Year Founded: 1638 was founded by John Mason and established by John Wheelwright and others
Fact 2 - Major Towns / Cities: Concord
Fact 3 - Major Industries: Agriculture (potatoes, fishing), Manufacturing (textiles, shipbuilding) - refer to Colonial Times
Fact 4 - Geography: Low coast, hills, mountains and plateau. The basic geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for crops
Fact 5 - Climate: New England was the coldest of the three regions, mild and short summers leading to long, cold winters but less disease than in the warmer colonies
Fact 7 - Natural Resources: Fish, whales, forests. Imported agricultural products from other colonies. Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were raised
Fact 8 - Economics and Trade: Concentrated in manufacture and focussed on town life and industries such as ship building and the manufacture and export of rum
Fact 9 - Government: By 1775 New Hampshire was governed as a Royal Colony.
Fact 10 - The original names of the New England Colonies were the Province of New Hampshire, later New Hampshire
Fact 11 - In towns along the coast, the colonists made their living fishing, whaling, and shipbuilding. Whale oil was a valuable resource as it could be used in lamps.
Fact 12 - Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were planted.
Fact 13 - 1641 Massachusetts Colony gained control of New Hampshire
Fact 14 - In 1679 England forms New Hampshire as a separate royal colony
Fact 15 - Fish, timber, furs, ships and livestock