The Maryland Colony The Maryland Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. It was the first of the Proprietary Colonies. The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. The Maryland Colony was classified as one of the Southern Colonies. The Province of Maryland was an English colony in North America that existed from 1633 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 of the 13 colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Maryland.
Founding of the Maryland Colony When was the colony of Maryland founded? The Maryland Colony was founded in 1633 by George Calvert, Lord Baltimore and other colonists, at Baltimore.
The Naming of the Maryland Colony King Charles I of England specified that the name for the new colony was to be called Maryland in honor of his wife, Queen Henrietta Maria.
Information and Facts with the Maryland Colony Fact File Fast facts and interesting information about the founding, establishment, geography, climate, religion, history, natural resources, raw material, industries (refer to Colonial Times) and the famous historical people associated with the Maryland Colony of Colonial America. Information and facts at a glance about the Maryland Colony via this fast fact file.
Facts about the Maryland Colony
Fact 1 - Year Founded: 1633 by Lord Baltimore and others as a refuge for English Catholics, at Baltimore
Fact 2 - Major Towns / Cities: Baltimore, Annapolis
Fact 3 - Major Industries: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (corn, wheat, rice, indigo). The Maryland Legislature passed an “Act for the Encouragement of an Iron Manufacture within this Province” in 1719
Fact 4 - Geography of Maryland: Coastal plains, peidmont plateau, and the Blue Ridge, separated by the Chesapeake Bay
Fact 5 - Climate: The Southern colonies were the warmest of the three regions, winters not difficult to survive, but the hot and humid summers gave rise to the spread of disease. Th